Idukki is one of the 14 districts of Kerala state, India. Created on 26 January 1972, at that time the district headquarters was at Kottayam before it was moved to Painavu in June 1976. Idukki which lies in the Western Ghats of Kerala. Idukki is the second largest district in area but has the least population density. Idukki has vast forest reserve than living space urban areas are thickly populated whereas villages are less populated.
Idukki has an area of 4,479 km2 (1,729 sq mi) and is the second largest District of Kerala (the largest being Palakkad). Rugged mountains and forests cover about 97 percent of the total area of the District. The district borders the Kerala districts of Pathanamthitta to the south, Kottayam to the southwest, Ernakulam to the northwest and Thrissur to the north and Coimbatore, Dindigul and Theni Districts in Tamil Nadu to the east. The district is accessible only by road. Rail and Airlink is not available. National Highway NH 49 and State highways 13 and 33 passes through the district.
Anamudi, the highest peak in India south of the Himalayas, is in the Kuttampuzha Panchayat of Adimali Block, in the Kannan Devan Hills Village of Devikulam taluk. Thirteen other peaks in the district exceed a height of 2,000 m (6,600 ft). The Periyar, Thodupuzhayar and Thalayar are the important rivers of the district. Idukki Dam, Asia’s largest Arch Dam is located at Idukki Township of Idukki Taluk.The points where the Periyar flows through the gorge formed between two high massive rocks called “Kuravan” and “Kurathi” is the site of the Idukki arch dam.
Places of interest
- Cheeyappara Waterfalls
- Thommankuthu Waterfalls
- Thattekad Bird Sanctuary
- Eravikulam Wild Life Sanctuary
- Periyar tiger reserve
- Periyar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary
- Pampadumshola National Park